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16 Must-Know Breast Pumping Tips for New Moms

woman hand-pumping breastmilk

Learning to pump efficiently, correctly, and comfortably can initially feel overwhelming. Here are sixteen must-know breast pumping tips every new mom should know.

Whether you’re heading back to work, increasing your supply, building a milk stash, or exclusively pumping and bottle feeding, it’s essential to know what you’re doing when using your breast pump.

Please keep reading for our tips that every new parent should know.

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mom hand-pumping breastmilk

How do first-time moms pump breast milk?

While every lactating person’s goals for pumping will vary, there are some general guidelines to follow when pumping breast milk for the first time.

First, you can pump shortly after birth or wait a few weeks to start once your supply has stabilized. It’s ultimately a personal choice based on your options and your baby’s needs.

When to pump

If your baby doesn’t take a bottle

Pump about an hour after your breastfeeding session with your baby. This timing will boost your supply and help you build a pumped milk stash.

Another option is simultaneously pumping from one breast while the baby nurses off the other. You could use a manual breast pump for ease of use and fewer pump parts to clean.

If your baby takes a bottle

Pump around when you or someone else gives your baby a bottle or at least every three hours. This timing will help keep your supply on point with your baby’s milk needs.

How long to pump

Aim to pump for 15-25 minutes per session. If you are pumping and nursing simultaneously, you can pump for as long as the baby feeds or continue pumping to hit 15 minutes if the baby unlatches.

Read next: Seven Easy Ways to Make Pumping More Enjoyable

bottle of pumped breastmilk

How often should you pump as a new mom?

As mentioned above, this suggestion can vary based on your and your baby’s schedule. In general, there are some guidelines to follow.

Keep in mind the average newborn baby can nurse anywhere between 8 to 12 times in 24 hours, and you ideally want to either breastfeed or pump every three or so hours to keep your supply regular.

If you are exclusively pumping:

Pump every three hours (or every time your baby takes a bottle).

If you are nursing and pumping:

Pump three times a day – once in the morning, afternoon, and before bedtime. These sessions should fall about an hour after a finished nursing session.

infographic of breast pumping tips

Do and don’ts of pumping

Do: practice safe hygiene and wash your hands before each session
Do: thoroughly clean or sanitize your parts after each session
Do: stay properly hydrated and well-nourished
Do: store your pumped milk properly

Don’t: overpump, as this could lead to oversupply, mastitis, and clogged ducts
Don’t: forget to refrigerate your pump parts after each use (clean thoroughly daily)
Don’t: skip a pumping session, as it could impact your supply
Don’t: ignore feelings of nipple pain or pinching

16 breast pumping tips for new moms

1. Read your pump manual

Make sure to sit down and spend some time reading your pump manual, ideally before your baby arrives. While doing this, spend some time getting acquainted with how your pump parts go together and what you’ll do when it’s time to pump.

Trust us; it’s time well spent. There’s nothing more stressful than trying to figure out a pump while recovering from birth with a crying baby nearby.

2. Make a pumping station and a “go-bag”

Create a pumping station in your house with everything you need to stay comfortable.

Read next: 27 Nourishing and Quick Snacks to Eat While Breastfeeding

Have a hands-free pump?

If you have a wireless, hands-free pump like the Willow or Elvie (we are big fans of both!), create a “go-bag” with all the essentials you’ll need for pumping on the go.

3. Find the correct flange size

Finding the correct flange size is essential to minimize pain and maximize your milk output.

You can start with a print-at-home ruler to find your size or contact an IBCLC to consult your pump and flange size.

4. Practice before you need to pump

Once you’ve completed tip number one, try your pump for a trial run. You don’t have to finish an entire pumping session, but at least get more acquainted with it to see how it feels, works, etc.

Note: if you are pregnant, please consult your doctor before attempting.

5. Have a way to clean parts quickly

Following your pump manual for sterilizing your parts before the first use is a good idea. You can continue this sterilizing method to deep clean your parts every few weeks.

In between sterilization sessions – and if your pump allows it – you can put your parts in the dishwasher (you might find a parts bag handy for the small pieces) or use a quick clean wipe.

Ultimately, make sure to consult your pump manual for proper cleaning instructions.

Pro tip: To reduce cleaning time, you can safely store your pump parts in the fridge between pumping sessions. Just make sure to wash them thoroughly at the end of each day.

mom hand-pumping breastmilk

6. Create your schedule

You will have to base your pumping schedule on your baby’s needs and your current schedule (for example, if you’re back at work or not).

Plan to pump every three hours if you’re away from your baby or if you’re exclusively pumping.

If you’re pumping to build a stash, pump three times a day an hour after a nursing session or pump from one side while your baby nurses from the other.

7. Buy multiples of each part

Pump parts can break, become damaged, or need a wash when you need them most. It’s best to have multiples available for each pump part so you’re always prepared.

8. Eat enough food

A lactating person requires around 500 extra calories daily to maintain their milk supply. Proper breastfeeding nutrition is critical. Now is not the time to start “trying to lose the baby weight” or restrict your diet.

We love Majka Lactation Cookies for an extra boost of milk-friendly nutrition. Plus, they’re delicious and made with high-quality, organic ingredients.

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Enter HELLOPOSTPARTUM at checkout to save 10% on your order

9. Make sure to stay hydrated

Aim for around 16 cups of water daily to help you stay hydrated. If you become too dehydrated, your supply will drop. A hydration and milk booster could help if you’re concerned about hydration.

10. Find a comfortable pumping bra

Depending on your pump type, you’ll need a comfortable pumping bra. Most traditional pumps require a special pumping bra, while a Willow or Elvie can use any tight-fitting nursing bra.

Read next: The Best Budget-Friendly Nursing Bras on Amazon

a freezer stash of pumped breastmilk

11. Store your milk as soon as possible

We share more on proper milk storage guidelines below but know it’s best practice to safely store your expressed breastmilk in the fridge or freezer as soon as possible. A freezer organizer for breastmilk may be helpful to keep your stash tidy.

If you’re pumping on the go, you can use a small cooler with ice packs to keep your milk cold until you reach your destination.

See Also

12. Learn proper milk storage guidelines

It can feel a little confusing to figure out how long and where to store breastmilk safely. The below chart from the CDC can help.

Type of BreastmilkCountertop
77°F (25°C) or colder
40°F (4°C)
0°F (-18°C) or colder
Freshly expressedUp to 4 hoursUp to 4 daysWithin 6 months*
Thawed, previously frozen1-2 hoursUp to 24 hoursThawed human milk cannot be refrozen
Leftover from a feedingUse within 2 hoursUse within 2 hoursUse within 2 hours
Proper breastmilk storage guidelines based on CDC guidelines

*Note: you can store breastmilk for up to 12 months in a deep freezer instead of a regular freezer.

13. Know how to warm or thaw milk properly

Once your milk is pumped and stored, it’s essential to properly warm or thaw it for your baby to consume—never microwave breast milk.

If your milk is frozen: place it in the refrigerator to thaw out overnight. You can then gently warm it in a bowl of warm water.

If your milk is in the fridge: carefully swirl (don’t shake!) milk to combine the separated fat and then warm milk in a bowl of warm water.

14. Massage breasts before starting

To help get the most out of your pumping session, gently massage your breasts before putting on your pump. This can help encourage more milk production and boost stimulation.

15. Encourage a let-down naturally

Having multiple let-downs is the key to getting the most (literally) out of your pumping session. Sometimes you can encourage a let-down by thinking about your baby, watching videos of them, or looking at pictures while pumping.

It can also help if you try to relax as much as possible and lean back into a comfortable pumping position.

16. Give yourself enough time (if possible)

While an ideal pumping session lasts 15-25 minutes, try giving yourself as much time as possible to get settled and comfortable.

We know this isn’t always a reality, but your output can improve the more you can relax. Plus, feeling less rushed can also make your mental health easier.

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Can I go 8 hours without pumping at night?

The answer to this question depends on a few factors, like how old your baby is, how many ounces of pumped milk you need, and whether you are okay with supplementing with formula (if needed).

If your baby has not yet reached birth weight: we suggest continuing to pump every three hours through the night to help keep your supply up to match their growing demand.

If you need to build a breastmilk stash: it might be wise to pump once or twice throughout the night while your baby is sleeping. You can drop these pumps whenever you wish, based on your needs.

Ultimately, if your baby has reached its birth weight and you’re pumping enough milk during the day, it’s okay to sleep eight hours without pumping at night.

Keep in mind there is an adjustment period for your body as it begins to acclimate to the decrease in overnight milk removal. Keep an eye out for clogged ducts and signs of mastitis.

Ideally, your body will get the message after a few days, ramp down production at night, and keep your supply level throughout the day, but there is always a risk that your supply will drop. You have to keep this in mind while making your decision.

If you see signs that your daytime supply is dropping, try adding one or two short pumping sessions daily until they’re no longer needed.

Ready to drop nighttime pumping no matter what?

If you are ready to stop pumping at night, your daytime milk supply drops, and you’re not producing enough during the daytime hours, you can consider supplementing with formula.

We love Bobbie and ByHeart, but your formula choice depends on your baby’s unique needs.

Final thoughts on breast pumping for new moms

No matter your reasons for pumping, we hope the tips shared in this article are helpful. Remember, there is no wrong way to feed a baby, only a lot of right ones, as long as you and your baby are both safe, healthy, and fed.

If you’re looking for more resources on breastfeeding, check out the below.

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